Quantifying threats to reef-building corals in the Visayan Sea by examining the probable on-natural and anthropogenic marine stressors

A study into marine water quality and ocean pollution based in the Philippines

ABSTRACT Coral reefs are large marine ecosystems, ecologically viable for more than 25% of marine species and habitats. Scleractinian are of the most important. These are reef-builders characterised by their ‘hard’ structural exterior of polyp colonies – marine invertebrates on their skeleton thriving off of calcium carbonate stored in oceans…